Tuesday, August 6, 2019

Learning and Teaching English- Leslie

Every Saturday, all of i-Saksham’s current fellows, with a bunch of ex-fellows, flock to the Jamui center for a morning of training and a socialising of sorts with fellow tutors and the i-Saksham team. This weekly training session includes a motley of exercises to help build the fellow’s knowledge in a particular subject, from English, Hindi and Math. For the past two months, the training has intrinsically focussed on building the English language capabilities of the fellows - written and spoken. To this effect, the activities revolve around written and spoken comprehension, vocabulary among others, the recent addition to which was the ‘Role Play’ exercised which encouraged fellows to enact a short play in English, to a given circumstance, right from scratch. 

One of the exercises includes reading out parts of a poem in English, explaining it to the rest of the fellows in the learning circle, and eventually reconstructing the poem again in your own words. However, the fellow needs to ensure the sequence of events in the poem is followed. In this exercise particularly, Rohit Kumar shines through - not only narrating the story effectively, but also assisting his fellow participants in the process. 

Visit to Vikas's Learning Centre (written by Leslie)

Close to seven kilometres from i-Saksham’s centre at Jamalpur, in a modest room tucked away in one of the bylanes, Vikash Kumar is busy making his students jump and laugh. In the last 5 minutes towards the end of his study session, he makes his students move about to the action song - a series of action words, which upon listening, the students have to imitate, albeit quite animatedly. These help the children, from classes one to six, understand the meaning of verbs like running, shouting, laughing, crying, sleeping and so on. One look around, and you’ll find nearly every inch of the inner walls at Vikash’s study centre adorned with drawings and number charts among others, which aren’t all together conventional. 

“I learnt this from a co-fellow at the Fellowship session,” says Vikash, pointing to one of the interactive poster. The sheet has strips of paper, with numbers 0 to 9 written on them vertically, placed next to each other - behind a labelled flaps. Each strip represents a place value, beginning from the units place and going beyond tens of thousands. Students in Vikash’s center are expected to pull the strips to form a particular number across all the place values, when instructed to, by their tutor, or Vikash bhaiyya. This, he says, is just one of the ways the kids learn better and more effectively. Most of his students come from the neighbouring households, where the families in the immediate periphery belong to the OBC community. For a livelihood, while some work on the fields, the others mostly handle vegetable carts. 

Vikash has completed one year of the i-Saksham fellowship. He picked up the above mentioned tactic to teach numbers to children, from one of his co-fellows, Sanjay Das, at a weekly Fellowship session at the i-Saksham office in Jamalpur. But unlike many of the other fellows that I’ve met, Vikash has always wanted to be a teacher. “I started teaching when I was in class 9, somehow I’ve always wanted to do this,” says the fourth of six siblings. Though he often helped his father in his fields, ever since he took up the role of a tutor, his field visits have become rare. 

With around 40 children from the neighbourhood, Vikash would use more-or-less the same teaching method adopted by a standard tutor - teach from the textbooks of the students and stick to the content available, mostly relying on rote-learning. “I obviously taught them the same way I learnt when I was in school,” says Vikash who has recently appeared for his Class 12 examinations. Ask him more about how he used to teach kids earlier, and he doesn’t spin a very different story - raising his hands on the children, pushing them to learn things by heart and growing impatient at their inability to do so, among other motifs. 

“I love coming here!” shouts an interruptive call, that of Abhishek - a class 4 student who’s been coming here for the past three years, in a clear affirmation of how things have changed for the better at Vikash’s centre. His favourites from the activities done here in the study centre are listening to stories and poems from his tutor. His younger sister Sandhya and he are visibly two of the more excited learners at Vikash’s centre. Even before we’re done introducing ourselves to each other, he hops up on the wooden bed and points out to every second drawing on the wall as his, followed suit by Sandhya. “He’s pasted his drawing all over at our house too,” says their mother, Gudiya Devi. 

 Abhishek’s parents themselves are uneducated. And this is something Gudiya Devi reiterates every now and then, in the course of our conversation. Her only parameters to judge her son’s studying patterns and the improvement therin, is others’ opinions. “His principal at school has good things to say about him. He gets the highest marks in his class too,” she says. A norm in the village, and possibly in other villages too, is to first send the child to the local government school. In case the child turns out to be a weak performer at the school, in spite of the preschool tuitions he or she is sent to like every other child in the neighbourhood, the teachers recommend for the parents to get their children into an English medium private school. This, in the hope that the child will learn better there. The private tuitions the children are sent to aren’t just to prep them in academics before they are admitted into schools, but also train them to sit in a classroom along with other children. Perhaps, this is also the beginning of the culture where in parents are involved in the education of their children only as much as to ensuring admission and paying for the classes, along with the buying of stationary for school. “We just ask them if they have done their homework or if they need anything. We spend our money too, so we want to study well, that’s all,” says Gudiya Rani. When asked if she is aware of what her children study, out comes her ever-reliable answer -“I’m not educated myself. How can I ask them about their studies?”

>Like all tutors involved in the i-Saksham fellowship, Vikash organises Parent-Teacher Meetings for the parents of all of his student, every three months. This practice, put to force by the organisation, stems from the well-founded fact that educating a child from a comparatively disadvantaged set-up may not just be about the child and the sources of education (as in, schools and tuitions). Once home, the child may again be exposed to reasons that hinder his or her access to getting a near-decent education. Even if that isn’t the case, the absence of aware family members or an unconducive environment may play spoilsport too. “Earlier, the parent turnout at the meetings was really low, barely 8 to 9 of them turned up,” says Vikash. Ever since, he started going to their homes and call them for the meeting personally. On the agenda at such meetings are everything - from the tutor’s own experience - with the children and at i-Saksham, introducing the parents with trainers or members from the organisation and most importantly, inform them about how they can get more involved in their children’s studies. The latter, is significantly seen as a ‘no man’s’ land for these parents, especially if they have never been to school themselves. An important consequence of such parent-teacher meetings is the change in that mindset. The parents now look into their children’s homework and ensure their completion along basic yet essential things such seeing to it that their children go to school well-groomed and tidy. 

Perhaps, what comes as a boost to this mindset-shift is the change they see in their children. For example, Gudiya Rani tells me about how her children would barely remember what they learnt in class. “They’d study something today and forget it tomorrow; that doesn’t happen anymore” she says. 

Every tutor, part of the i-Saksham fellowship and otherwise, who’s come in touch with the organisation, is encouraged to make use to TLMs - Teaching and Learning Materials.Some are provided by i-Saksham itself - for example the TLM on Fantastic Phonics. However, this is just to set into motion a cycle where provided TLMs push the tutor to get inspired and draw up unconventional teaching methods of their own. Vikash pulls out a TLM that he designed himself, to teach numbers. Math is clearly the winner among subjects, to prove itself the trickiest of the lot for its students and newer methods to learn the subject are always welcome. In his method, Vikash spreads across sheets of paper, each of different size. On each paper are drawn checks, the end result somewhat resembling a chessboard. Vikash then hands over a paper to a child, and asks him or her to tell him the number of checks on the paper. Other times it’s the reverse - he’ll ask them to pick the sheet which has a specific number of boxes - either 10 or 100, there’s a sheet for each! “It just helps them understand numbers better, other than just point at the number drawn in their textbooks,” he explains. But isn’t all this a lot more work for him? Teaching a kid strictly from his textbooks, relying on rote learning on the kid’s part is so much easier. When one chooses to make learning interactive and more effective, it’s taking an entire bunch of added tasks. “What work? It’s my responsibility to shape the children, making money isn’t the goal here,” says Vikash. The answer more or less seems rehearsed. But this is what I learnt at i-Saksham, he says. 

His association with i-Saksham hasn’t brought changes to his teaching pedagogy alone. His personality too, has undergone massive changes. For example, sitting in a room full of people, talking to a stranger were things he couldn’t bring himself to do easily earlier. He now aims at pursuing a graduate degree in Hindi (honours).This comes as a surprise, especially when about a year ago, his ultimate goal was to get himself a government job after his class 12 examinations. 

As we sit talking, another of his students Lovely Kumari walks in, eager to show me her painting on the wall of fame. Her mother, Hema Devi sitting besides, joins in the conversation. “Vikash is known to everyone in the locality. So when he offered to take tuitions, naturally people trusted him and sent their children to his centre,” she says. Like Gudiya Devi, Hema too trusts her daughter is in good hands. Her parameter, as well as Vikash’s for that matter, to judge the child’s progress is her choice of evening -time games. “I’ve heard the children sing the songs and poems learnt at the centre, even at home or while playing outside!” she laughs. 

Lucky, Abhishek and Sandhya in the meanwhile, gather around another of Vikash’s many intriguing chart posters at his centre. This one has the eleven vowels in Hindi, forming a semi-circle on the poster. At the bottom of the semicircle are about 33 strips of paper, dangling from a pin. Each strip has written on it one of the close to 33 consonants in the Hindi language.  What the child has to do here, is move the consonant-strip along the semi-circle, and pronounce the letters formed with each of the vowels. Abhishek even gives me a demo of the model. On my way out I ask him if this is how he’s taught in school too. “Nahi nahi. We are taught kho, kha, khi and all in our Gyanganga textbooks,” he explains. “It’s all written in one straight line there.”

Thursday, August 1, 2019

आम का बटवारा: निकिता

आम का बटवारा

आज भी लोगो की मानसिकता लड़का एवं लड़की के बीच भेदभाव की है जैसे भ्रूण हत्या, कम उम्र में शादी, लड़कियों को अपने फैसलें लेने देना,  लड़का एवं लड़की में भेदभाव शायद हम इतना ध्यान नहीं देते लेकिन अगर देखा जाए तो ये अधिकतर घरों में पाया जाता है बहुत समय से हम प्लान कर रहे कि हमें इन विषयों पे कस्तूरबा में सेशन लेने चाहिए, ताकि बच्चे समाज में हो रही इन सब मुद्दे पे सोच सकें एवं अपने विचार रख सकें

इस विषय पर बात करने के लिये हमने दो सेशन लिए

पहले सेशन में विडियो दिखाना एवं समूह में अपने विचार प्रकट किये गए

दूसरे सेशन में इस पर बच्चों एवं शिक्षक के बीच विस्तार से बात करके नाटक तैयार किया गया।

उद्देश्यबच्चियों की समाज की स्थिति एवं हमारे आस-पास के माहौल से अवगत कराना, उन्हें अपने विचार सामने रखने के लिए प्रोत्साहित करना

गतिविधि: खेल, योग, विडियो द्वारा समझ और एक गहन चर्चा

पहला सेशन

शुरुआतइसकी शुरुआत निकिता ने योग से की क्यों कि उस दिन योग दिवस था, गीता  ने खुद बच्चियों को योग कराया

इसके बाद हमने पिछले वर्ग में दिए गए अभ्यास पर बात की सिर्फ तीन लडकियाँ (गीता, प्रीति और सुषमा) कहानी बना के लायी थी,  तो निकिता ने फिर से 10 min का समय दिया और बच्चो को कहा की आप अब अपनी कहानी लिखेंगें  और एक दूसरे को सुनायेंगें कुछ लडकियाँ ऐसी भी थी जिन्हें लिखने में दिक्कत हो रही थी जैसे मूर्ति, वर्षा, पायल तो निकिता ने कहा कि आप लोग सिर्फ एक दूसरे को कहानी सुनाइए


बच्चो के गर्मी छुट्टी की कहानी चित्रों द्वारा

सब की कहानी ख़त्म होने के बाद हमने आम का बटवारा नामक एक विडियो दिखाया इस विडियो में ये दिखाया जाता है कि  किस तरह लड़कों को ज्यादा एवं लडकियों को कम आँका जाता है ऐसा समझा जाता है कि लडकियाँ तो काम ही नहीं करती तो उन्हें किसी चीज की ज्यादा जरुरत नहीं है जैसे उन्हें पौष्टिक खाने की जरुरत नहीं है और भी बहुत साड़ी चीजें

ये विडियो देखने  के बाद हमनें पाँच मिनट की बात की गीता और मूर्ति, रिया और सुषमा से पूछा की इसे देख कर क्या समझ में आया?

तो गीता ने बोला कि दीदी इसमें दिखा रहा था कि मीना को कम खाना मिलता है और राजू को ज्यादा, तो क्या समझ में आया?

इस विडियो से तो उन्होंने बोला कि इसमें लड़के और लडकियों के बीच में भेदभाव दिख रहा था निकिता ने फिर उन्हें 5 के समूह में विभाजित किया निकिता ने बोर्ड पर 4 प्रश्न लिखे:

) गाव एवं घर में ऐसे चीजे देखने को मिलती है जो विडियो में हो रहा था तो विस्तृत रूप से बताये

) जो विडियो में हो रहा था वो अगर  सही है तो क्यों सही है या गलत है तो क्यों गलत है

) अगर आप खुद मीना होती तो आप इसे कैसे सुलझाती 

) दादी का क्या रोल था

इन प्रश्नों पर सभी ने अपनी समझ बनायीं